From Belgrade to Lisbon: The 6 best European cities for architecture lovers

Europe’s cities are beautiful, varied and rich in history. They also have a wide range of artistic movements that can be tied to politics, religion, and many other topics. These six cities are known for their unique architectural styles and are great for photos or visits.

Best Gothic Architecture, Zagreb, Croatia

Gothic architecture was popular between the 12th and 16th centuries.

It is characterized as a type masonry building that has cavernous spaces and high ceilings.

Zagreb is the capital of Croatia, and also the largest city in the country. This history can be seen in its architecture. Many of the city’s Gothic features were built in the 14th Century, with the support of preaching orders such as the Franciscans or knightly culture.

Best for Art Nouveau, Vienna, Austria

It used modern materials like iron, glass, and ceramics as well as drawing inspiration form natural forms like plants and flowers.

Austrian architects like Adolf Loos and Otto Wagner made important contributions to shaping Vienna’s modern skyline.

Beautiful examples are spots like Karlsplatz station or the Vienna Secession. This city has many.

Best for Moorish architecture. Andalucia , Spain

Moorish architecture was developed in the west Islamic world, especially Al-Andalus. This region was once ruled by Muslims in Portugal and Spain.

It incorporated North African Berber influences and those from the Middle East and pre-Islamic Iberia. The distinctive features of the style include domes, calligraphy, and geometric shapes.

For stunning details, the Alhambra is a must-see spot.

Best for Tudor architecture, London, UK

London’s skyline is dominated by modern skyscrapers made mainly of steel and glass. The city also has beautiful Tudor buildings.

This style often features half-timber buildings and leaded windows. Two very different examples of this period’s architecture can be found in St James’ Palace, located in the heart the city, and Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge.

Best for Brutalism in Belgrade, Serbia

Brutalism was born in the middle of the 20th century from the modernist movement. It’s characterized by the use of unfinished surfaces and unusual shapes, heavy-looking material, straight lines, and rough edges.

It was chosen by the Yugoslav government as a symbol of modernity and openness.

You can find Brutalist architecture all over the city, including the Eastern City Gate and the Genex Towers of New Belgrade.

Best for Baroque in Lisbon, Portugal

Baroque architecture is distinguished by its dramatic, decorative style. It was introduced in the 17th century to combat the Reformation and inspire awe among worshippers.

Its buildings still amaze today, with their use of sculpture and painting, crowded ceilings and twisted columns.

The Church of Santa Engracia in Lisbon is one of the most prominent examples. Portugal’s baroque is much simpler than that of Italy and other countries because it was more recent than others.

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